Thursday, November 19, 2015

Perhaps some interesting reads

Today is a day for some shameless self-advertisement. Aside from writing a blog, running educational programs and spreading the word about biodiversity science I actually sometimes find the time to do some research and eventually that science might turn into papers (Yeah!).

In the past weeks three new publications saw the light of day. Here they are for your entertainment provided you like this DNA Barcoding stuff:

(1) Adamowicz SJ, Steinke D (2015)

Genome - online early
Here, we advance our opinion that increased global participation in genetics research is beneficial, both to scientists and for science, and explore the premise that DNA barcoding can help to democratize participation in genetics research. We examine publication patterns (2003-2014) in the DNA barcoding literature and compare trends with those in the broader, related domain of genomics. While genomics is the older and much larger field, the number of nations contributing to the published literature is similar between disciplines. Meanwhile, DNA barcoding exhibits a higher pace of growth in the number of publications as well as greater evenness among nations in their proportional contribution to total authorships. This exploration revealed DNA barcoding to be a highly international discipline, with growing participation by researchers in especially biodiverse nations. We briefly consider several of the challenges that may hinder further participation in genetics research, including access to training and molecular facilities as well as policy relating to the movement of genetic resources.

Oceanography 28(3):158–189
At the beginning of the Russian–American Long-Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA) program in 2003, the composition and characteristics of the Pacific Arctic marine fish fauna and distribution of the species were poorly known compared with knowledge on the fish fauna of warmer waters. The mission for ichthyological investigations in the RUSALCA program has been to provide information necessary to construct zoogeographic and taxonomic baselines against which change may be detected. Our methods have involved examining historical fish collections in museums and identifying fresh samples secured on RUSALCA scientific expeditions and those of other programs, and DNA barcoding. This paper presents the first modern, comprehensive, well-founded inventory of the marine fish species in the Pacific Arctic region and its subregions; evaluates each species’ zoogeographic pattern, primary distribution, biotype, and life zone; and highlights some of the positive results of our investigations in the first decade of the program as well as new and persistent problems identified that need further investigation.

(3) Raupach MJ, Barco A, Steinke D, Beermann J, Laakmann S, Mohrbeck I, Neumann H, Kihara, TC, Pointner K, Radulovici A, Segelken-Voigt A, Wesse C, Knebelsberger T (2015)
PLoS ONE 10(9): e0139421
Here we present a comprehensive DNA barcode library of various crustacean taxa found in the North Sea, one of the most extensively studied marine regions of the world. Our data set includes 1,332 barcodes covering 205 species, including taxa of the Amphipoda, Copepoda, Decapoda, Isopoda, Thecostraca, and others. This dataset represents the most extensive DNA barcode library of the Crustacea in terms of species number to date. By using the Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD), unique BINs were identified for 198 (96.6%) of the analyzed species. 

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